Sunday, November 11, 2012

Adjusted Targets

I would consider this idea one of the most basic in course strategy. Yet the more I coach, the more I am amazed at how even some of the more elite players I have coached don’t understand (or at least don’t use) this. I played for many years with a 25 yard hook, yet it never stopped me getting down to scratch. Yet I see players with 25 yard slices who complain that the reason they can’t lower their handicap is due to their banana ball. Well, if I could curve the ball 25 yards and still get the ball around in par, why are these people struggling to even break 100 sometimes, with the same amount of curvature? Obviously, many factors contribute to the overall score of a player, but one of the consistent mistakes I see is in the strategy, which I will address here. This topic could fill a book (trust me, it will), but I will just take one example here and highlight it.

The strategy concept I am talking about refers to where you should want your ball to land in order to balance out the risk and reward – your target.

What is your target?

This is what we would describe as a ‘sucker pin’. If you have poor course management, it is likely that you will answer this with question by saying “The flag”. But in a lot of cases, this is the worst target you can have. It is often too aggressive a strategy to allow for consistently good golf. It may offer more birdie chances if your game is firing on all cylinders, but if you are playing average golf (which, by definition, you are more likely to be playing), it will cost you more shots than it earns.

You have to be realistic about what is achievable with your shots. Even a top professional golfer averages around about 10 yards away from the flag with their approach shots. This could be 10 yards left or right, giving a 20 yard circle. So even the top guys don’t hit their target all the time, they just get ‘around’ their target more often. For this reason, you should think in terms of your shot circle. Below is the same flag, with a 20 yard shot circle overlayed.


By going aggressively at the flag like this, a player believes that they are going to make more birdies. But even for a top professional golfer, if they manage to pull off a great shot and knock it to 7 feet, there is still only a 50/50 chance they will hole the putt (based on tour statistics); a shot in the water costs them a whole shot. The risk outweighs the reward.

Imagine playing this hole 10 times. If you were to hit half of the shots in the water, it would cost you 5 penalty shots, not to mention you would have to get it up and down from wherever you dropped it; this is a big risk. And the reward? The other half of your shots would land on the green and be relatively close. But when you consider that the average player is not going to hole many of those putts for birdie (even if they are around 10 feet from the pin), the reward is too small. You may get 2 birdies at best, but at the cost of 5 penalty shots and 3 extra shots trying to get it up and down (taking into account the average short game stats).  The math doesn’t add up, and on average you will end up worse off.

Yet people continue to use this strategy because they chase some kind of idea that this is what the pro’s do. Yet, often times when you see a professional stiff it close when the pin is positioned like this, it is either due to them being on their best form that week – or it is simply a mistake. Professional golfers do not play this strategy all the time. People also hold on to the memory of the times when they have succeeded with this strategy and made a birdie, and then continue to play this strategy with no awareness of risk/reward or appropriateness (believe it or not, there are some times when this mentality is beneficial). 

A better option

Now let’s overlay a more appropriate strategy onto the green.

In the above picture, our target is to the right of the flag (the centre of the circle), taking the water out of play (barring anomalous poor shots). Now, not only do we almost eliminate penalty shots, but we still have good birdie chances when the ball creeps into the left portion of our shot circle. Sure, aiming away from the flag is not the most exciting way to play, but your scorecard will thank you. You can still make birdies this way, and a lot less bogeys and doubles.

Take home lesson

The flag is not your target. Greenkeepers will put the flag in silly positions to ‘sucker’ the aggressive players. A good player has the ability to swallow their pride, pick a target which is away from the flag and toward a more appropriate position which, if they were to repeat 10 times, would maximise their performance in terms of score. Pick a target which suits your shot circle; the bigger your shot circle is, the further away from the flag (and water) you target should be. In extreme cases, it may even mean having a target which is off the green, such as a safe run off area from the green.

Next article, I will address where to aim. And yes, this is different to what we have discussed. 


  1. absolutely correct, and still it's amazing how hard it is to play away from pins sometimes. for me sometimes it's a concern i'll be on the green but far enough away that a 3-putt is a possibility.

  2. True Bryan, course management can get far more complex than this, when you take into account a player's up and down rates from different situations. However, in general, even the top professionals perform better with a long lag putt, than they do with a water ball. Not to mention, a water ball usually results in more than just one dropped shot, as they then have to get the next shot up and down. Add to that the fact that, a player who generally three putts a lot will not be the type of player to take advantage of birdie chances when they arise. This all translates into a safer strategy overall.

  3. the only real times that a more aggressive strategy can work is when a player has a combination of a small dispersion pattern (shot circle), a great short game from 15 yards from the rough, and an excellent hole out rate from 5-8 feet. There are very few players in the world who come under this category though. Would be interested in hearing your thoughts further.

  4. Hi Adam,
    You made a very interesting and true point about amateurs who think that the Tour boys always attack this type of pin.And as we know thats not true, Its playing the percentages and if the lucky shot come off, then be it.
    I played all my career, amateur and Professional with a strong draw, but that didnt stop me from holding my own (as they say)..Talk soon...Tom


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